MCSA Interview Question and Answer

mcsa interview question and answer

February 09,2019, | By Innovative Academy


> is a series OS developed by Microsoft Corporation

> Active Directory (AD) is a directory service which is used in a directory to store objects like user profiles, network information, computers. It helps to manage the network effectively with the help of Domain Controllers which are present at different locations with the Active Directory database. Some of the functions include central administration with multiple geographical locations, authentication of users and computers in a windows domain, replicating Active Directory from any Domain Controller which in turn will be replicated to all other Domain Controller's.

> The second step after a non-authoritative restore is an authoritative restore process. One of the key features of authoritative restore is that it can increment the version numbers of the attributes or an object in an entire directory. This type of restore is used to restore a single deleted user/object. There will be a mismatch in the version numbers and hence care must be taken while restoring using authoritative restore process.

  • In the windows DNS server.
  • Primary zone: In this, the file is saved as a normal text file with the filename (.dns).
  • Secondary zone: It maintains a read-only copy of the zone database on another DNS server. Also, it acts as a back-up server to the primary server by providing fault tolerance and load balancing.
  • Stub zone: it consists of a copy name server and SOA records which is used for reducing the DNS search orders.

> The types of queries DNS does are:
  • Iterative query.
  • Recursive query.

> The Primary function of the domain controller is to validate users to the networks. It also provides a catalog of active directory objects.

> To configure a TCP/PI client for an IPv4 client, you have to provide the IP address and the subnet mask.

> The caching only DNS server provides information related to queries based on the data it contains in its DNS cache.

> To configure the DHCP server, you can create a reservation for the device. To create a reservation you must know the MAC hardware address of the device. To determine the MAC hardware address of the device. To determine the MAC address for a network device you use the ipconfig or nbs tat command line utilities.

> This is the frequently asked Windows Server Interview Questions. The settings that control the working environment of user accounts and computer accounts are known as Group Policy Object (GPO). This help is defining the security options, software installation, registry-based policies and maintenance options, script options and folder redirection options. There are two types of Group Policy Objects:
  • Nonlocal Group Policy objects: These are available only in an Active Directory environment and are stored on a domain controller.
  • Local Group Policy Objects: These are stored on local computers (individual computers).

> It is a set of files and folders that are stored on the local hard disk of each domain controller in a domain and are replicated by the FRS ( file replication service). These files contain group or user policy information..

  • Computer process: in computing a process is an instance of a computer program that is executed sequentially by a computer system which can run several computer programs concurrently.
  • Thread: A thread is several executable programs that works together as a single process. For instance, one thread might send an error message to the user; another might handle error signals while the third thread might be executing the original action.

  • Inode holds the metadata of files; INODE is a pointer to a block on the disk.
  • In simple words, it is a unique number allocated to a file in UNIX-like OS.

> For storing the same data at a different place RAID or redundant array of independent disks strategy is used. It is a strategy for building fault tolerance and increase storage capacity. On separate drives it allows you to combine one or more volumes so that they are accessed by a single drive letter.

A local DNS server provides the local mapping of fully qualified domains names to IP address to resolve remote requests related to the domains names on your network. Local DNS servers can provide record information to remote DNS servers.

  • IPconfig: To check the computer's IP configuration ipconfig can be used and also it can be used to renew the client's IP address if it is provided by a DHCP server.
  • Ping: To check the connection between the local computer and any of the other computer devices on the network png command is used.

> Yes, you can connect other vendors directory services with Microsoft version. By using dirXML or LDAP to connect to other directories.

  • AD database is saved in %systemroot%/ntds. Files that controls the AD structure are..
  • Ntds. Dit.
  • Edb. Log.
  • Res1.Log.
  • Res2.Log.
  • Edn.chk.

> For local users, FAT ( file allocation table) and FAT32 provide security, while NTFS ( new technology file system) provides security for domain users as well as local users. NTFS provides file-level security which is not possible through fat32.

> WDE ( windows deployment services ) allows you to install client and server operating systems over the network to any computer With a PXE enabled network interface.

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